FDA Expands Indication for Kadcyla to Include the Adjuvant Treatment of HER2-Positive Early Breast Cancer

Breast Cancer, FDA Approvals, News & Updates

On May 3, 2019, the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved ado-trastuzumab emtansine (Kadcyla; Genentech) for the adjuvant treatment of patients with HER2-positive early breast cancer who have residual invasive disease after neoadjuvant taxane and trastuzumab-based treatment. Patients should be selected for treatment with this agent based on an FDA-approved companion diagnostic test (Ventana Medical System’s PATHWAY anti-HER-2/neu [4B5] Rabbit Monoclonal Primary Antibody assay or INFORM HER2 Dual ISH DNA Probe Cocktail assay).

This latest approval was based on the phase 3, multicenter, open-label KATHERINE clinical trial of 1486 patients with HER2-positive early breast cancer. Patients were randomized in a 1:1 ratio to ado-trastuzumab emtansine (3.6 mg/kg intravenously every 3 weeks) or trastuzumab (6 mg/kg intravenously every 3 weeks) for 14 cycles. Patients were required to have had neoadjuvant taxane and trastuzumab-based therapy with residual invasive tumor in the breast and/or axillary lymph nodes.

After a median follow-up of 40 months, results showed that treatment with ado-trastuzumab emtansine significantly improved invasive disease-free survival compared with trastuzumab (hazard ratio, 0.50; 95% confidence interval, 0.39-0.64; P <.0001).

The most common adverse reactions (≥25%) associated with ado-trastuzumab in patients with early breast cancer were fatigue, nausea, increased transaminases, musculoskeletal pain, hemorrhage, thrombocytopenia, headache, peripheral neuropathy, and arthralgia.

Ado-trastuzumab emtansine was previously approved by the FDA on February 22, 2013, for the treatment of patients with HER2-positive, metastatic breast cancer who previously received trastuzumab and a taxane, separately or in combination.

The recommended dose of ado-trastuzumab emtansine is 3.6 mg/kg given as an intravenous infusion, every 3 weeks (21-day cycle), until disease recurrence or unacceptable toxicity, or a total of 14 cycles for patients with early breast cancer.

Symptom Management, Web Exclusives - December 18, 2018

Managing Anxiety in Patients with Advanced Cancer

Anxiety is a common symptom in patients with advanced cancer, and is associated with reduced quality of life, increased symptom burden, poor medication adherence, and suboptimal treatment decisions at the end of life. Anxiety also tends to cluster with disease- and treatment-related side effects such as fatigue, pain, breathlessness, nausea, vomiting, and sleep disturbance.

Uncategorized - January 5, 2016

Venetoclax (ABT-199): a Selective Inhibitor of B-Cell Lymphoma-2

Proteins in the B-cell lymphoma-2 (BCL-2) family are key regulators of apoptosis, and the BCL-2 gene is frequently overexpressed in leukemias and lymphomas.1,2 The BH3-only proteins of the BCL-2 family (ie, those having only the BCL-2 homology domain BH3) can trigger apoptosis by binding to the prosurvival members of this [ Read More ]