Web Exclusives

November 11, 2019 — Oncology News & Updates

  • FDA Approves Ziextenzo, Third Biosimilar to Pegfilgrastim for Febrile Neutropenia
  • Trump Will Nominate Dr Hahn as Next FDA Commissioner
  • Researchers Report High Rates of E-Cigarette Use Among Children and Teens

November 4, 2019 — Oncology News & Updates

  • Xospata Extends Overall Survival in Patients with FLT3 Mutation–Positive Relapsed or Refractory Acute Myeloid Leukemia
  • Published Results from KEYNOTE-048 Trial Show Extended Survival with Keytruda Advanced Head and Neck Cancers
  • Discussing Costs of Genomic Testing with Patients

Applying CAR T-Cell Therapies to Solid Tumors: Overcoming Current Challenges

Reprogramming patients’ immune cells to treat their cancer has become the front line of cancer therapy, with chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy now approved by the FDA for several blood cancers. But translating this success to solid tumors remains a challenge. At the 2019 American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) Annual Meeting, Gianpietro Dotti, MD, Cancer Cellular Immunotherapy Program, Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, discussed efforts to extend the application of CAR T-cell therapy to solid tumors.

FDA on In Vitro Diagnostics, Vaping; Cost of Novel Treatments

FDA issues finalized guidelines for use of in vitro diagnostics in oncology drug trials and warnings on vaping; new findings report patients bear more costs when MBC treatment is not concordant with NCCN guidelines.

The Evolving Role of Precision Medicine in Clinical Practice

Genetic alterations in molecular pathways are involved in tumor development, survival, and progression. Precision cancer medicine is about using the cancer genome to guide treatment decisions, according to Christine M. Walko, PharmD, BCOP, Personalized Medicine Pharmacologist, Personalized Medicine Clinical Service, and Chair, Clinical Genomic Action Committee, Moffitt Cancer Center, Tampa, FL.

Evolving Immuno-Oncology Strategies in Renal-Cell Carcinoma

The era of immunotherapy has opened new perspectives in renal-cell carcinoma (RCC), which is one of the tumors most highly infiltrated with CD T-cells and PD-1 expression, partially accounting for its sensitivity to immunotherapy.

Personalized Neoadjuvant Immunotherapy Combinations Improve Outcomes in Stage III Melanoma

Moving combination immunotherapy into the neoadjuvant setting for patients with stage III melanoma induces a higher rate of pathologic response than adjuvant therapy, said Christian U. Blank, MD, PhD, Division of Molecular Oncology & Immunology, Netherlands Cancer Institute, ­Amsterdam, at the 2019 ASCO-­SITC Clinical Immuno-Oncology Symposium.

Personalizing Immunotherapy in NSCLC Using PD-L1 and Tumor Mutation Burden as Biomarkers

Tumor expression of PD-L1 has consistently predicted ­response and survival outcomes in non–small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC), whereas the role of PD-L1 in immune cells is unclear, said ­Edward B. Garon, MD, Director, Thoracic Oncology Program, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles, at the 2019 ASCO-SITC Clinical Immuno-Oncology Symposium.

Dual-Specific CAR T-Cell Therapy Targets CD19 and CD22 in Patients with Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia

A chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy that targets CD19 and CD22 molecules has demonstrated safety and efficacy, in patients with relapsed or refractory B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic lymphoma, with response rates consistent with CAR T-cell therapies that target CD19 alone.

The Quality–Cost Connection in Cancer Care: Lessons from Oncology Practices in Washington State

Although many quality measures exist in oncology, few efforts have been undertaken to prioritize, measure, and report quality and costs for an entire region. A recent multiyear, multistakeholder effort to characterize quality of care and costs for Washington State oncology practices revealed that increased quality may be associated with a reduced cost of care in oncology.

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